changeset 1075:565eba9b549e

traceroute from Ashwini Sharma
author Rob Landley <rob@landley.net>
date Sun, 22 Sep 2013 11:21:06 -0500
parents 82c5eb459a91
children 1c15ba60aa64
files toys/pending/traceroute.c
diffstat 1 files changed, 444 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-) [+]
line wrap: on
line diff
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/toys/pending/traceroute.c	Sun Sep 22 11:21:06 2013 -0500
@@ -0,0 +1,444 @@
+/* traceroute - trace the route to "host".
+ *
+ * Copyright 2012 Madhur Verma <mad.flexi@gmail.com>
+ * Copyright 2013 Kyungwan Han <asura321@gmail.com>
+ *
+ * No Standard
+
+USE_TRACEROUTE(NEWTOY(traceroute, "<1>2f#<1>255=1z#<0>86400=0g*w#<0>86400=5t#<0>255=0s:q#<1>255=3p#<1>65535=33434m#<1>255=30rvndlIUF64", TOYFLAG_USR|TOYFLAG_BIN))
+
+config TRACEROUTE
+  bool "traceroute"
+  default n
+  help
+    usage: traceroute [-FUIldnvr] [-f 1ST_TTL] [-m MAXTTL] [-p PORT] [-q PROBES]
+    [-s SRC_IP] [-t TOS] [-w WAIT_SEC] [-g GATEWAY] [-i IFACE] [-z PAUSE_MSEC] HOST [BYTES]
+
+    Trace the route to HOST
+
+    -F    Set the don't fragment bit
+    -U    Use UDP datagrams instead of ICMP ECHO
+    -I    Use ICMP ECHO instead of UDP datagrams
+    -l    Display the TTL value of the returned packet
+    -f    Start from the 1ST_TTL hop (instead from 1)(RANGE 1 to 255)
+    -d    Set SO_DEBUG options to socket
+    -n    Print numeric addresses
+    -v    verbose
+    -r    Bypass routing tables, send directly to HOST
+    -m    Max time-to-live (max number of hops)(RANGE 1 to 255)
+    -p    Base UDP port number used in probes(default 33434)(RANGE 1 to 65535)
+    -q    Number of probes per TTL (default 3)(RANGE 1 to 255)
+    -s    IP address to use as the source address
+    -t    Type-of-service in probe packets (default 0)(RANGE 0 to 255)
+    -w    Time in seconds to wait for a response (default 3)(RANGE 0 to 86400)
+    -g    Loose source route gateway (8 max)
+    -z    Pause Time in milisec (default 0)(RANGE 0 to 86400)
+*/
+#define FOR_traceroute
+#include "toys.h"
+#include "toynet.h"
+#include <netinet/udp.h>
+#include <netinet/ip_icmp.h>
+
+GLOBALS(
+  long max_ttl;
+  long port;
+  long ttl_probes;
+  char *src_ip;
+  long tos;
+  long wait_time;
+  struct arg_list *loose_source;
+  long pause_time;
+  long first_ttl;
+  int recv_sock;
+  int snd_sock;
+  unsigned msg_len;
+  struct ip *packet;
+  uint32_t gw_list[9];
+  uint32_t ident;
+)
+
+
+#define ICMP_HD_SIZE    8
+#define send_icmp      ((struct icmp *)(TT.packet +   1))
+#define send_udp      ((struct udphdr *)(TT.packet + 1))
+
+struct payload_s {
+  unsigned char seq;
+  unsigned char ttl;
+  struct timeval tv; 
+};
+
+static struct payload_s *send_data;
+static struct sockaddr_in dest, from;
+
+// Computes and returns checksum SUM of buffer P of length LEN
+static u_int16_t in_cksum(u_int16_t *p, u_int len)
+{
+  u_int32_t sum = 0;
+  int nwords = len >> 1;
+
+  while (nwords-- != 0) sum += *p++;
+  if (len & 1) {
+    union {
+      u_int16_t w;
+      u_int8_t c[2];
+    } u;
+    u.c[0] = *(u_char *) p;
+    u.c[1] = 0;
+    sum += u.w;
+  }
+  // end-around-carry 
+  sum = (sum >> 16) + (sum & 0xffff);
+  sum += (sum >> 16);
+  return (~sum);
+}
+
+/*
+ * sends a single probe packet with sequence SEQ and
+ * time-to-live TTL
+ */
+static void send_probe(int seq, int ttl)
+{
+  int res, len;
+  void *out;
+
+  if (toys.optflags & FLAG_U) {
+    send_data->seq = seq;
+    send_data->ttl = ttl;
+    dest.sin_port = TT.port + seq;
+  } else {
+    send_icmp->icmp_seq = htons(seq);
+    send_icmp->icmp_cksum = 0;
+    send_icmp->icmp_cksum = in_cksum((uint16_t *) send_icmp, TT.msg_len - sizeof(struct ip));
+    if (send_icmp->icmp_cksum == 0) send_icmp->icmp_cksum = 0xffff;
+  }
+
+  res = setsockopt(TT.snd_sock, IPPROTO_IP, IP_TTL, &ttl, sizeof(ttl));
+  if (res < 0) perror_exit("setsockopt ttl %d", ttl);
+
+  if (toys.optflags & FLAG_U) {
+    out = send_data;
+    len = sizeof(struct payload_s);
+  } else {
+    out = send_icmp;
+    len = TT.msg_len - sizeof(struct ip);
+  }
+  res = sendto(TT.snd_sock, out, len, 0, (struct sockaddr *) &dest, sizeof(dest));
+  if (res != len) perror_exit(" sendto");
+}
+
+static void resolve_addr(char *host, int type, int proto, struct sockaddr_in *sock)
+{
+  struct addrinfo *rp, *info, hint;
+  int ret;
+
+  memset(&hint, 0, sizeof(hint));
+  hint.ai_family = AF_INET;
+  hint.ai_socktype = type;
+  hint.ai_protocol = proto;
+
+  ret = getaddrinfo(host, NULL, &hint, &info);
+  if (ret || !info) perror_exit("bad address:  %s ", host);
+
+  for (rp = info; rp; rp = rp->ai_next) {  
+    if (rp->ai_addrlen == sizeof(struct sockaddr_in)) {
+      memcpy(sock, rp->ai_addr, rp->ai_addrlen);
+      break;                               
+    }
+  }
+  freeaddrinfo(info);                      
+  if (!rp) perror_exit("Resolve failed ");
+}
+
+static void do_trace()
+{
+  int seq, fexit, ttl, tv = TT.wait_time * 1000;
+  struct pollfd pfd[1];
+
+  pfd[0].fd = TT.recv_sock;
+  pfd[0].events = POLLIN;
+  for (ttl = TT.first_ttl; ttl <= TT.max_ttl; ++ttl) {
+    int probe, dest_reach = 0;
+    struct timeval t1, t2;
+    struct sockaddr_in last;
+
+    memset(&last, 0, sizeof(last));
+    fexit = 0;
+    printf("%2d", ttl);
+
+    for (probe = 0, seq = 0; probe < TT.ttl_probes; ++probe) {
+      int res = 0, tleft;
+
+      fflush(NULL);
+      if (probe && (toys.optflags & FLAG_z)) usleep(TT.pause_time * 1000);
+
+      send_probe(++seq, ttl);
+      gettimeofday(&t1, NULL);
+      t2 = t1;
+
+      while ((tleft = (int)(tv - ((unsigned long long)(t2.tv_sec * 1000ULL 
+                  + t2.tv_usec/1000) - (unsigned long long)(t1.tv_sec * 1000ULL
+                    + t1.tv_usec/1000)))) >= 0) {
+        if (!(res = poll(pfd, 1, tleft))) {                         
+          printf("  *");                        
+          break;
+        }
+        gettimeofday(&t2, NULL);
+        if (res < 0) {
+          if (errno != EINTR) perror_exit("poll");
+          continue;
+        }
+
+        if (pfd[0].revents) {
+          unsigned addrlen = sizeof(from);
+          struct ip *rcv_pkt = (struct ip*) toybuf;
+          int rcv_len, pmtu = 0;
+
+          rcv_len = recvfrom(TT.recv_sock, rcv_pkt, sizeof(toybuf),
+              MSG_DONTWAIT, (struct sockaddr *) &from, &addrlen);
+          if (rcv_len <= 0) continue;
+          else {
+            struct icmp *ricmp;
+            int icmp_res = 0;
+
+            ricmp = (struct icmp *) ((void*)rcv_pkt + (rcv_pkt->ip_hl << 2));
+            if (ricmp->icmp_code == ICMP_UNREACH_NEEDFRAG)
+              pmtu = ntohs(ricmp->icmp_nextmtu);
+
+            if ((ricmp->icmp_type == ICMP_TIMXCEED
+                  && ricmp->icmp_code == ICMP_TIMXCEED_INTRANS)
+                || ricmp->icmp_type == ICMP_UNREACH
+                || ricmp->icmp_type == ICMP_ECHOREPLY) {
+
+              struct ip *hip;
+              struct udphdr *hudp;
+              struct icmp *hicmp;
+
+              hip = &ricmp->icmp_ip;
+              if (toys.optflags & FLAG_U) {
+                hudp = (struct udphdr*) (hip + (hip->ip_hl << 2));
+                if ((hip->ip_hl << 2) + 12 <= (rcv_len - (rcv_pkt->ip_hl << 2))
+                    && hip->ip_p == IPPROTO_UDP
+                    && hudp->dest == htons(TT.port + seq))
+                  icmp_res = (ricmp->icmp_type == ICMP_TIMXCEED ?-1 : ricmp->icmp_code);
+              } else {
+                hicmp = (struct icmp *) ((void*)hip + (hip->ip_hl << 2));
+                if (ricmp->icmp_type == ICMP_ECHOREPLY && ricmp->icmp_id == htons(TT.ident)
+                    && ricmp->icmp_seq == htons(seq))
+                  icmp_res = ICMP_UNREACH_PORT;
+
+                if ((hip->ip_hl << 2) + ICMP_HD_SIZE <= (rcv_len - (rcv_pkt->ip_hl << 2))
+                    && hip->ip_p == IPPROTO_ICMP
+                    && hicmp->icmp_id == htons(TT.ident)
+                    && hicmp->icmp_seq == htons(seq))
+                  icmp_res = (ricmp->icmp_type == ICMP_TIMXCEED ? -1 : ricmp->icmp_code);
+              }
+            }
+            if (!icmp_res) continue;
+
+            if (addrlen > 0) {
+              unsigned delta = (t2.tv_sec * 1000000ULL + t2.tv_usec)
+                - (t1.tv_sec * 1000000ULL + t1.tv_usec);
+
+              if (memcmp(&last.sin_addr, &from.sin_addr, sizeof(struct in_addr))) {
+                if (!(toys.optflags & FLAG_n)) {
+                  char host[NI_MAXHOST];
+                  if (!getnameinfo((struct sockaddr *) &from,
+                        sizeof(from), host, NI_MAXHOST, NULL, 0, 0))
+                    printf("  %s (", host);
+                  else printf(" %s (", inet_ntoa(from.sin_addr));
+                }
+                printf(" %s", inet_ntoa(from.sin_addr));
+                if (!(toys.optflags & FLAG_n) ) printf(")");
+                last = from;
+              }
+              printf("  %u.%03u ms", delta / 1000, delta % 1000);
+              if (toys.optflags & FLAG_l) printf(" (%d)", rcv_pkt->ip_ttl);
+              if (toys.optflags & FLAG_v) {
+                printf(" %d bytes from %s : icmp type %d code %d\t",
+                    rcv_len, inet_ntoa(from.sin_addr),
+                    ricmp->icmp_type, ricmp->icmp_code);
+              }
+            } else printf("\t!H");
+
+            switch (icmp_res) {
+              case ICMP_UNREACH_PORT:
+                if (rcv_pkt->ip_ttl <= 1) printf(" !");
+                dest_reach = 1;
+                break;
+              case ICMP_UNREACH_NET:
+                printf(" !N");
+                ++fexit;
+                break;
+              case ICMP_UNREACH_HOST:
+                printf(" !H");
+                ++fexit;
+                break;
+              case ICMP_UNREACH_PROTOCOL:
+                printf(" !P");
+                dest_reach = 1;
+                break;
+              case ICMP_UNREACH_NEEDFRAG:
+                printf(" !F-%d", pmtu);
+                ++fexit;
+                break;
+              case ICMP_UNREACH_SRCFAIL:
+                printf(" !S");
+                ++fexit;
+                break;
+              case ICMP_UNREACH_FILTER_PROHIB:
+              case ICMP_UNREACH_NET_PROHIB:
+                printf(" !A");
+                ++fexit;
+                break;
+              case ICMP_UNREACH_HOST_PROHIB:
+                printf(" !C");
+                ++fexit;
+                break;
+              case ICMP_UNREACH_HOST_PRECEDENCE:
+                printf(" !V");
+                ++fexit;
+                break;
+              case ICMP_UNREACH_PRECEDENCE_CUTOFF:
+                printf(" !C");
+                ++fexit;
+                break;
+              case ICMP_UNREACH_NET_UNKNOWN:  
+              case ICMP_UNREACH_HOST_UNKNOWN:
+                printf(" !U");
+                ++fexit;
+                break;
+              case ICMP_UNREACH_ISOLATED:
+                printf(" !I");
+                ++fexit;
+                break;
+              case ICMP_UNREACH_TOSNET:
+              case ICMP_UNREACH_TOSHOST:
+                printf(" !T");
+                ++fexit;
+                break;
+            }
+            break;
+          }
+        }
+      }
+    }
+    xputc('\n');
+    if (!memcmp(&from.sin_addr, &dest.sin_addr, sizeof(struct in_addr))
+        || dest_reach || (fexit >= TT.ttl_probes -1))
+      break;
+  }
+
+}
+
+void traceroute_main(void)
+{
+  unsigned opt_len = 0, pack_size, tyser = 0;
+  int set = 1, lsrr = 0;
+
+  if (toys.optflags & FLAG_g) {
+    struct arg_list *node;
+
+    for (node = TT.loose_source; node; node = node->next, lsrr++) {
+      struct sockaddr_in sin;
+
+      memset( &sin, 0, sizeof(sin));
+      if (lsrr >= 8) error_exit("no more than 8 gateways"); // NGATEWAYS
+      resolve_addr(node->arg, SOCK_STREAM, 0, &sin);
+      TT.gw_list[lsrr] = sin.sin_addr.s_addr;
+    }
+    opt_len = (lsrr + 1) * sizeof(TT.gw_list[0]);
+  }
+
+  pack_size = sizeof(struct ip) + opt_len;
+  pack_size += (toys.optflags & FLAG_U) ? sizeof(struct udphdr) 
+    + sizeof(struct payload_s) : ICMP_HD_SIZE;
+
+  if (toys.optargs[1])
+    TT.msg_len = get_int_value(toys.optargs[1], pack_size, 32768);//max packet size
+
+  TT.msg_len = (TT.msg_len < pack_size) ? pack_size : TT.msg_len;
+  TT.recv_sock = xsocket(AF_INET, SOCK_RAW, IPPROTO_ICMP);
+  if (toys.optflags & FLAG_d
+      && (setsockopt(TT.recv_sock, SOL_SOCKET, SO_DEBUG, &set, sizeof(set)) < 0))
+    perror_exit("SO_DEBUG failed ");
+  if (toys.optflags & FLAG_r
+      && (setsockopt(TT.recv_sock, SOL_SOCKET, SO_DONTROUTE, &set, sizeof(set)) < 0))
+    perror_exit("SO_DONTROUTE failed ");
+
+  if (toys.optflags & FLAG_U) TT.snd_sock = xsocket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, IPPROTO_UDP);
+  else TT.snd_sock = xsocket(AF_INET, SOCK_RAW, IPPROTO_ICMP);
+
+  resolve_addr(toys.optargs[0], ((toys.optflags & FLAG_U) ? SOCK_DGRAM : SOCK_RAW),
+      ((toys.optflags & FLAG_U) ? IPPROTO_UDP : IPPROTO_ICMP), &dest);
+
+  if (lsrr > 0) {
+    unsigned char optlist[MAX_IPOPTLEN];
+    unsigned size;
+
+    TT.gw_list[lsrr] = dest.sin_addr.s_addr;
+    ++lsrr;
+
+    optlist[0] = IPOPT_NOP;
+    optlist[1] = IPOPT_LSRR;// loose source route option 
+    size = lsrr * sizeof(TT.gw_list[0]);
+    optlist[2] = size + 3;
+    optlist[3] = IPOPT_MINOFF;
+    memcpy(optlist + 4, TT.gw_list, size);
+
+    if (setsockopt(TT.snd_sock, IPPROTO_IP, IP_OPTIONS,
+          (char *)optlist, size + sizeof(TT.gw_list[0])) < 0)
+      perror_exit("LSRR IP_OPTIONS");
+  }
+
+  if (setsockopt(TT.snd_sock, SOL_SOCKET, SO_SNDBUF, &TT.msg_len, sizeof(TT.msg_len)) < 0)
+    perror_exit("SO_SNDBUF failed ");
+
+  if ((toys.optflags & FLAG_t) && 
+      setsockopt(TT.snd_sock, IPPROTO_IP, IP_TOS, &tyser, sizeof(tyser)) < 0)
+    perror_exit("IP_TOS %d failed ", TT.tos);
+
+#ifdef IP_DONTFRAG
+  if ((toys.optflags & FLAG_F) &&
+      (setsockopt(TT.snd_sock, IPPROTO_IP, IP_DONTFRAG, &set, sizeof(set)) < 0))
+    perror_exit("IP_DONTFRAG failed ");
+#endif
+
+  if ((toys.optflags & FLAG_d)
+      && (setsockopt(TT.snd_sock, SOL_SOCKET, SO_DEBUG, &set, sizeof(set)) < 0))
+    perror_exit("SO_DEBUG failed ");
+  if ((toys.optflags & FLAG_r) &&
+      (setsockopt(TT.snd_sock, SOL_SOCKET, SO_DONTROUTE, &set, sizeof(set)) < 0))
+    perror_exit("SO_DONTROUTE failed ");
+
+
+  TT.packet = xmalloc(TT.msg_len);
+  TT.ident = getpid();
+
+  if (toys.optflags & FLAG_U) send_data = (struct payload_s *) (send_udp + 1);
+  else {
+    TT.ident |= 0x8000;
+    send_icmp->icmp_type = ICMP_ECHO;
+    send_icmp->icmp_id = htons(TT.ident);
+  }
+  if (toys.optflags & FLAG_s) {
+    struct sockaddr_in *source =  xzalloc(sizeof(struct sockaddr_in));
+    inet_aton(TT.src_ip, &source->sin_addr);
+    if (setsockopt(TT.snd_sock, IPPROTO_IP, IP_MULTICAST_IF, 
+          (struct sockaddr*)source, sizeof(*source)))
+      perror_exit("can't set multicast source interface");
+    if (bind(TT.snd_sock,(struct sockaddr*)source, sizeof(*source)))
+      perror_exit("bind");
+    free(source);
+  }
+
+  if(TT.first_ttl > TT.max_ttl) 
+    error_exit("ERROR :Range for -f is 1 to %d (max ttl)", TT.max_ttl);
+
+  printf("traceroute to %s(%s)", toys.optargs[0], inet_ntoa(dest.sin_addr));
+  if (toys.optflags & FLAG_s) printf(" from %s", TT.src_ip);
+  printf(", %ld hops max, %u byte packets\n", TT.max_ttl, TT.msg_len);
+  
+  do_trace();
+}